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"Peacekeeping at the crossroads. Current challenges for the United Nations" - Conrad Schetter & Francesco Galtieri at the DIE [UNat70]

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Prof. Dr. Conrad Schetter, Director for Research at the Bonn International Center for Conversion (BICC) gave a presentation on the development of peacekeeping missions.

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Francesco Galtieri, Chief of the Peace Programming Section at UN Volunteers, giving a comment on Conrad Schetter's talk.

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Silke Weinlich involves Conrad Schetter and the audience in the discsussion.

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Francesco Galtieri: "Those who want peace not always have their voice heard or are part of negotiations."

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Prof. Conrad Schetter (BICC): "Peacekeeping changed to a post-Westphalian approach beyond statehood."

 

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Moderator Silke Weinlich (DIE) closes the discussion.

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On behalf of the Germand Development Institute (DIE/GDI) Steffen Bauer gives a warm welcome.

On June 18th, 2015, we welcomed Conrad Schetter (BICC) and Francesco Galtieri (UN Volunteers) at the DIE. More than 100 guests came to listen to the speakers and discuss current processes within the UN peacekeeping missions.

Once again, Steffen Bauer welcomed the speakers and visiting guests, before Silke Weinlich continued with the moderation and introduced the topic of the evening. Prof. Dr. Conrad Schetter, Director for Research at the Bonn International Center for Conversion (BICC), gave a broad overview of the historical development of the UN peacekeeping missions and their future challenges. He pointed out that peacekeeping missions have changed dramatically in terms of goals, budgets and numbers throughout the last decades. Peacekeeping shifted from 'securing states' to 'securing people' carried out by a multidimensional approach, said Schetter. Since Rwanda and Srebrenica, UN peacekeeping missions are in a crisis that is being pushed even more by recent human rights violation. However, the missions also have basal problems as many lack basic infrastructures, staff and have to face a decreasing number of active peacekeepers with a European background. Especially through the last aspect, Schetter stated that it might seem as though Western states only support the missions financially and not actively with people. Although, UN peacekeeping missions have a high legitimacy, they are unique in each country, need stand-by resources and the flexibility to adapt to new challenges and changing environments, concluded Schetter.

Francesco Galtieri, Chief of the Peace Programming Section at UN Volunteers, gave a comment on Conrad Schetters talk. He started out with explaining that peacekeeping is trying to address one fundamental problem: The lack of peace. However, many other goals are also linked to the work that needs to be done in these unstable settings. "I try to identify ways to improve peacekeeping, rather than only concentrate on who is to be blamed," said Galtieri when coming to the missing clarity of mandates and conditions. Unfortunately, mandates are often imbalanced and do not always involve the right actors to ensure long lasting peace. This often means that those actors who want peace are neither heard nor part of important negotiations. "We can deploy the best people and equipment but cannot replace the primacy of politics," continued Galtieri. He stated that UN Volunteers are key enablers for peace, engage with communities, mediate conflicts and help healing in this context.


  • Like to know more about the event? Here is our Storify.

 


The lecture series is co-organised by the German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE), the Forum Internationale Wissenschaft (fiw) and the Liaison Office International Academic Sciences of the UN City of Bonn.
 

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